In Top Photographer with Nigel Baker, five contestants fly all the way to New York. Then they get right to work with a sports action theme. They are going to be taking photos of Miles Chamley-Watson. Miles Chamley-Watson is a fencer. The contestants will have approximately thirty minutes to shoot their pictures. After they having finished shooting they will edit their picture. After they have completed that task, the judges will decide on who is the best and who will be leaving.
1. JPEG (Joint Photographic Experts Group)
This is probably the best known of all image file formats. The thing that you should remember is that JPEG files are compressed quickly in the camera, and thus result in a loss of detail and quality.
2. TIFF (Tagged Image File Format)
This is the most commonly used industry-standard file format. These file formats are usually uncompressed, and as a result offer the opportunity for extensive post-processing.
RAW files are generally available on advanced compact cameras and DSLRs and quite simply put. Raw files are compressed using a process that retains all of the information originally captured.
4. DNG (Digital Negative Format)
The DNG file format, created by Adobe, is an attempt to create a standard raw file format across all manufactures and cameras.
5. PNG (Portable Network Graphics)
PNG files are ideal for use on the internet. The strength of PNGs are that they are compressed in a lossless format, and so retain all the digital detail.
6. Gif (Graphics Interchange Format)
GIF files are ideal for use on the internet. GIF also allow for animation.
7. BMP (Bitmap)
BMPs are large file sizes as colour data is saved in each individual pixel in the image without any compression.
8. PSD ( Photoshop Document)
The big advantage of PSD files are that it allows for manipulation on specific individual layers.
1. What do you want to shoot?
2. What lens should I get?
3. You’ve got zooms, primes, macro, super telephoto, and tilt-shift lenses.
4. The cost of lens depends on several things.
5. Less expensive lens will generally have variable apertures.
6. More expensive lens have a fixed aperture.
7. All major camera and lens manufactures offer a variety of focal lengths of satisfy most budgets.
8. Wide angles give a wide expensive view ( when used correctly).
9. Wide angles should be used when prominent foreground objects are present.
10. Standard lens tend to range from about 35mm up to around 85mm.
11. Lenses in the standard zoom range will cover moderate wide angles- typically 24mm to 35mm.
12. Moderate telephoto lengths- around 70mm and up to about 105mm.
13. Standard zoom lenses are great “walk around” lenses.
14. 18-55mm, 18-135mm, 24-105mm, 24-70mm, and others are popular standard zooms.
15. Telephoto zooms allow one to stand back a little when the subject isn’t quite as approachable.
16. Telephoto lenses compress distance, making everything appear closer.
17. A “fast” lens is usually one that has an aperture of f/4, f/2.8 or larger.
18. If you really want to shoot like the pros, you’ll want a 300mm f/4, or 300mm f/2.8 or 400mm f/2.8.
19. If sports is one of your primary subjects, a telephoto zoom such as a 70-200 f/2.8.
20. Faster telephoto lenses have larger maximum apertures.
Depth of field is is when an image appears sharp whether is far or close. Cameras can only focus sharply at one point. Shallow depth of field refers to a small area in focus. Often when the background is blurred and the subject is in focus. A deep depth of field captures a larger area in focus. There are multiple ways to adjust depth of field, aperture, the distance between the camera and the subject, the lens, and even the size of the camera’s sensor.